Solaris IPS: Image Packaging System

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Solaris Image Packaging System


The image packaging system (IPS) is a software delivery system with interaction with a network repository as its primary design goal. Other key ideas are: safe execution for zones and other installation contexts, use of ZFS for efficiency and rollback, preventing the introduction of incorrect or incomplete packages, and efficient use of bandwidth.


IPS development requires additional external dependencies, which on Solaris 11 are provided by the list of packages found in src/pkg/external_deps.txt.

Build, Testing and Deployment

Once all dependency packages are installed, IPS source can be built by the following command:

  $ cd src; make install

The above will generate a proto directory under the root directory. Inside the proto directory, the build_i386 directory contains Python version-specific builds; root_i386 contains the complete build with the directory structure preserved.

Generally, testing of the new build can be done by the following command:

  $cd src/tests; sudo ./ -j 8

The above will run all test cases in 8 parallel processes. Other options are also available by typing ./ -h.

Tests running can also be done by using make:

  $cd src; sudo make test

Make targets test-27 and test-34 are available for testing specific Python versions.

IPS applications and libraries can be packaged and published into an IPS repository using:

  $cd src; make packages;

The above command generates IPS related packages and publishes them into packages/i386/repo on an x86-based system.

Usage Examples

  • Example 1 Create an Image With Publisher Configured

    Create a new, full image, with publisher, stored at /aux0/example_root.

    $ pkg image-create -F -p \
  • Example 2 Create an Image With No Publisher Configured

    Create a new, full image with no publishers configured at /aux0/example_root.

    $ pkg image-create -F /aux0/example_root
  • Example 3 Install a Package

    Install the latest version of the widget package in the current image.

    $ pkg install application/widget
    $ pkg set-publisher -g
  • Example 5 Add and Automatically Configure a Publisher

    Add a new publisher with a repository located at /export/repo using automatic configuration.

    $ pkg set-publisher -p /export/repo

For more examples, please refer to List of References below or man page pkg(1) on Solaris operating system.

How to Contribute

Please refer to CONTRIBUTING for details.


The Image Packaging System is primarily distributed under the terms of the CDDL (Common Development and Distribution License), with a few portions covered by BSD-style or MIT-style licenses.

Refer to LICENSE-CDDL, LICENSE-CPIO (applies to src/modules/, and LICENSE-MINISAT (applies to src/modules/solver/*) for details.

List of References

  1. Packaging and Delivering Software With the Image Packaging System in Oracle© Solaris 11.3

  2. Introducing the Basics of Image Packaging System (IPS) on Oracle Solaris 11

  3. Oracle Solaris 11 Cheatsheet for Image Packaging System

  • Required dependencies on GNU/Linux

    Required dependencies on GNU/Linux

    What are the dependencies needed to build pkg?

    opened by amreo 0
  • install fails when building repo cloned from Github install fails when building repo cloned from Github

    Trying to build the IPS repo cloned from Github results in exception in pydates:

    $ python3.7 ./src/ install
    running install
    running build
    running build_py
    Traceback (most recent call last):
      File "/home/vkotal/solaris-ips/src/pydates", line 36, in <module>
        repo = localrepo.instance(myui, cmdutil.findrepo(os.getcwd()), False)
      File "/usr/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/mercurial/", line 2810, in instance
        localpath = util.urllocalpath(path)
      File "/usr/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/mercurial/", line 2947, in urllocalpath
        return url(path, parsequery=False, parsefragment=False).localpath()
      File "/usr/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/mercurial/", line 2726, in __init__
        if hasdriveletter(path) or path.startswith('\\\\'):
    AttributeError: 'NoneType' object has no attribute 'startswith'

    This is because it constructs a Mercurial repository object from cmdutil.findrepo(os.getcwd()). Of course, the repo cloned from Github is Git repo and not a Mercurial repo as the findrepo() expects, therefore it returns None.

    opened by vladak 2
  • Traceback in TestPkgDepot.test_empty_incorp_depend

    Traceback in TestPkgDepot.test_empty_incorp_depend

    Running the test-suite on Solaris 11.4, I see a test failure in TestPkgDepot.test_empty_incorp_depend which was not there before

    The problem is in CatalogInterface.gen_allowed_packages() in that md.get("actions") always returns an empty set and so the loop's else: clause is entered without f ever having been assigned.

    I fixed it with:

    --- a/src/modules/server/
    +++ b/src/modules/server/
    @@ -159,11 +159,8 @@ class CatalogInterface(_Interface):
                             allowed.setdefault(pkg_name, [])
                             for v, entries in cat.entries_by_version(pkg_name,
                                 info_needed=cat_info, pubs=pubs):
    -                                for f, fa in (
    -                                    (f, fa)
    -                                    for f, md in entries
    -                                    for fa in md.get("actions", misc.EmptyI)
    -                                ):
    +                                for f, md in entries:
    +                                    for fa in md.get("actions", misc.EmptyI):
                                             if not fa.startswith("set"):
    @@ -180,7 +177,7 @@ class CatalogInterface(_Interface):
                                                     del a
                                             del a
    -                                else:
    +                                    else:
                                             allowed[pkg_name].append((f, sn))
                     sort_ver = itemgetter(0)

    However, it does seem that there is a bigger problem here since I can't determine how the set actions that are being checked for could ever be returned with this test (same with the code before this latest commit).

    opened by citrus-it 1
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