Calculator in command line using python programming language
University of the People Python fundamental
Conditionals and recursion The main topic of this chapter is the if statement, which executes different code depending on the state of the program. But first I want to introduce two new operators: floor division and modulus. 5.1 Floor division and modulus The floor division operator, //, divides two numbers and rounds down to an integer. For example, suppose the run time of a movie is 105 minutes. You might want to know how long that is in hours. Conventional division returns a floating-point number:
minutes = 105 minutes / 60 1.75 But we don’t normally write hours with decimal points. Floor division returns the intege To get the remainder, you could subtract off one hour in minutes: remainder = minutes - hours * 60 remainder 45 An alternative is to use the modulus operator, %, which divides two numbers and returns the remainder. remainder = minutes % 60 remainder 45 The modulus operator is more useful than it seems. For example, you can check whether one number is divisible by another—if x % y is zero, then x is divisible by y
If you are using Python 2, division works differently. The division operator, /, performs floor division if both operands are integers, and floating-point division if either operand is a float.
5.2 Boolean expressions
A boolean expression is an expression that is either true or false. The following examples use the operator ==, which compares two operands and produces True if they are equal and False otherwise:
5 == 5 True 5 == 6 False True and False are special values that belong to the type bool; they are not strings: type(True)
type(False) The == operator is one of the relational operators; the others are: x != y # x is not equal to y x > y # x is greater than y x < y # x is less than y x >= y # x is greater than or equal to y x <= y # x is less than or equal to y Although these operations are probably familiar to you, the Python symbols are different from the mathematical symbols. A common error is to use a single equal sign (=) instead of a double equal sign (==). Remember that = is an assignment operator and == is a relational operator. There is no such thing as =< or =>.
5.3 Logical operators
There are three logical operators: and, or, and not. The semantics (meaning) of these operators is similar to their meaning in English. For example, x > 0 and x < 10 is true only if x is greater than 0 and less than 10. n%2 == 0 or n%3 == 0 is true if either or both of the conditions is true, that is, if the number is divisible by 2 or 3.